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Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Reporting

View SOC Employee Summary on Campus Counts

The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) is a set of interrelated surveys designed to collect institution-level data in such areas as enrollments, program completions, faculty, staff, and finances from all primary providers of postsecondary education. The University of Maryland complies with federal reporting policies for all of these surveys; each collection item has specific reporting guidelines established so that the federal government, consumers, and other constituents are able to compare institutions in a fair manner.

The IPEDS Human Resource (HR) survey, which includes faculty and staff job categorizations, underwent major revisions in the fall of 2012. The IPEDS survey classification revisions represent a change from the previous HR data classification based on Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) categories, which had remained unchanged for the last decade. The new survey classifications reflect the requirements of the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system from the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. SOC codes were developed to classify workers according to detailed occupational definitions which reflect changes in the workforce over the last decade and a comprehensive effort to conduct better data analysis across all federal government departments. These categories facilitate collecting, calculating, and disseminating data about workers across all the sectors of industry. There are nineteen total job categories, seventeen of which are applicable to our campus.

It is important to note that the previous employment categories for HR reporting are inherently different than the current SOC system. Previously, there were nine possible EEO categories for employees that were assigned by the University System of Maryland (USM) based on a variety of elements including title, job description, Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) status, and responsibilities of the job. Under the nineteen new IPEDS categories, SOC codes were assigned by the USM essentially with the same logic but with more detail due to the increase in job categories. As a result, comparisons can create a one-to-many relationship (e.g., one EEO category maps to more than one of the new IPEDS categories). Therefore comparisons should not be made of those data from before and after the changeover to SOC assignment.

For more information about SOC codes, visit the Bureau of Labor Statistics site:
http://www.bls.gov/SOC/

For further explanation on how SOC codes are being used by IPEDS, visit:
https://surveys.nces.ed.gov/IPEDS_PY/VisFaqView.aspx?mode=reg&id=2&show=all#813

Frequently Asked Questions


IPEDS Categories:

Management Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=11)
An occupational category based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Management Occupations."

Business and Financial Operations Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=12)
An occupational category based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Business and Financial Operations Occupations."

Computer, Engineering and Science Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=13)
An occupational category based on the following three major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Computer and Mathematical Occupations
  2. Architecture and Engineering Occupations
  3. Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

Community Service, Legal, Arts, and Media Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=14)
An occupational category based on the following three major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Community and Social Service Occupations
  2. Legal Occupations
  3. Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations

Post-Secondary Teachers- Primarily Instruction

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=15)
An occupational category in the 2010 SOC Manual with the SOC code 25-1000.

An occupational category used to classify persons whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of providing instruction or teaching. Regardless of title, academic rank, or tenure status, these employees formally spend the majority of their time providing instruction or teaching.

Postsecondary Teachers- Primarily Research

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=17)
An occupational category in the 2010 SOC Manual with the SOC code 25-1000.

An occupational category used to classify persons whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of conducting research. Regardless of title, academic rank, or tenure status, these employees formally spend the majority of their time conducting research.

Graduate Teaching Assistants

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=20)
An occupational category based on the detailed occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Graduate Assistant - Teaching" (SOC code 25-1191).

Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=21)
An occupational category based on the broad occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians."

Librarians

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=22)
An occupational category based on the broad occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Librarians."

Library Technicians

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=23)
An occupational category based on the broad occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Library Technicians."

Other Teaching and Instructional Support Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=24)
An occupational category based on the following three major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Primary, Secondary, and Special Education School Teachers (25-2000)
  2. Other Teachers and Instructors (25-3000)
  3. Other Education, Training, and Library Occupations (25-9000)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=25)
An occupational category based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations."

Service Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=26)
An occupational category based on the following five major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Healthcare Support Occupations
  2. Protective Service Occupations
  3. Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
  4. Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
  5. Personal Care and Service Occupations

Sales and Related Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=27)
An occupational category based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Sales and Related Occupations."

Office Administrative Support Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=28)
An occupational category based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Office and Administrative Support Occupations."

Natural Resources, Construction and Maintenance Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=29)
An occupational category based on the following three major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
  2. Construction and Extraction Occupations
  3. Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations

Production, Transportation and Material Moving Occupations

(IPEDS_CATEGORY_CD=30)
An occupational category based on the following two major groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:

  1. Production Occupations
  2. Transportation and Material Moving Occupations


Frequently Asked Questions

Why don’t these numbers match previous reports on employees?
The IPEDS HR survey was changed in fall 2012 to comply with the requirement to align IPEDS HR reporting with the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. The change resulted in more possible job classifications such that attempts to compare EEO categories to IPEDS categories are inexact. Efforts to do these comparisons will result in a one-to-many relationship from EEO categories to IPEDS categories (i.e., the single EEO category ‘02’ for Faculty maps to ten IPEDS categories).
Why don’t I see IPEDS codes on Profiles?
The IRPA Profiles website has two employee reports: Employee Pivot and Employee FTE Pivot. These reports incorporate EEO category as a possible pivot field but do not yet have IPEDS categories as a pivot field. If you require additional employee data by IPEDS categories, contact your IRPA representative or the main office line at 301-405-5590.
Which number should I use: IPEDS or EEO?
When requesting an official figure from our office, the census figures reported to the federal government will be used. This means that when asking for official counts of any employee group (i.e., faculty, staff, etc.), you will receive individuals broken down by IPEDS categories as this is how these data are being reported. We encourage all our campus constituents to kindly use these figures as official statistics to remain consistent with our federal census numbers.